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Press Releases

3/22/2017 - Supreme Court Justice Sotomayor Finally Recognizes the Second Amendment

3/13/2017 - Another Second Amendment Appeal Shot-Down by the 9th Circuit

3/10/2017 - US Supreme Court to Decide Concealed Carry Petition in Two Weeks

3/5/2017 - The Florida Supreme Court Just Handed The US Supreme Court a Second Amendment Case It Can’t Refuse

2/23/2017 - California Asks Supreme Court to Wait For Nichols v. Brown Open Carry Appeal

2/15/2017 - NRA Got Spanked for Valentine’s Day!

2/3/2017 - President Trump’s Supreme Court Nominee Neil Gorsuch

1/24/2017 -A Concealed Carry Case SCOTUS Can’t Refuse

1/23/2017 -President Trump’s Judicial Opportunity and Conundrum

1/13/2017 -NRA Tells Supreme Court Open Carry is Perverse

1/11/2017 - NRA Drops Supreme Court Concealed Carry Appeal

12/30/2016 - NRA Asks US Supreme Court To Hear Two Concealed Carry Lawsuits

12/10/2016 - National Concealed Carry Snake Oil Law Will Fail

11/29/2016 - What Lies Ahead for the Second Amendment?

11/10/2016 - The Second Amendment and President Trump

10/03/2016 - A Federal 9th Circuit Judge Finally Finds a Right to Bear Arms in Public

9/28/2016 - Are You Protected by the Fourth Amendment if You Carry a Firearm?

9/20/2016 - Two Concealed Carry Cases Fire Blanks in U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

9/8/2016 - Another Second Amendment Appeal Crashing and Burning in 9th Circuit

8/24/2016 - Concealed Carry Snake Oil and Kool-Aid Peddlers Leave Town for DC

8/18/2016 - The NRA Files Legal Challenge To California Open Carry Bans – But Not Really

8/17/2016 - The Battle for the Second Amendment Moves to Hawaii

8/15/2016 - There is No Right to Concealed Carry – 9th Circuit Denies Full Court Petitions

8/5/2016 - Did California Lie to 11 Federal Judges in Second Amendment Lawsuits?

7/15/2016 - God Save The US From The Second Amendment Lawyers

7/8/2016 - NRA Segregation Now, Tomorrow, and Forever Position Must Fail

7/4/2016 - Try Recalling California’s Anti-Gun Politicians Before Starting Your Revolution

6/27/2016 - NRA Head Wayne LaPierre Really, Really Hates the Second Amendment

6/24/2016 - Judges Who Uphold Bans on Concealed Carry Are Not the Same as Judges Who Look the Other Way When Police Murder People in the Street

6/15/2016 - Where is the NRA’s California Open Carry Lawsuit?

6/13/2016 - What’s Next for the Right to Carry Firearms in Public?

6/8/2016 - Florida Supreme Court Justices Voice Contempt for the Second Amendment

6/5/2016 - Florida Supreme Court to Hear Second Amendment Carry Case with National Ramifications

5/17/2016 - The Second Amendment and the Concealed Carry Problem

5/11/2016 - Federal Court of Appeals Goes Berserk During Second Amendment Gun Case Hearing

5/10/2016 - California Supreme Court Shoots Itself In Foot Over Gun Case

4/25/2016 - Second Amendment Foundation Files Another Concealed Carry Lawsuit: May Backfire

4/13/2016 - Has the NRA Come to Bury the Second Amendment or to Defend It? -

4/6/2016 - Second Amendment Must Wait A Bit Longer In 9th Circuit

3/26/2016 - Concealed Carry of Concealable Firearm in a Vehicle Now a Crime of Moral Turpitude

3/21/2016 - Supreme Court decision wasn’t about stun guns – It was about the Second Amendment decision in District of Columbia v. Heller which is bad news for concealed carry

3/7/2016 - How to Stop Anti-Gun Bills in California from Becoming Law

3/3/2016 - The California Supreme Court Case Which Could Upend the Gun-Groups Concealed Carry Lawsuits

2/24/2016 - The Second Amendment - Checkmate in Four Moves?

2/10/2016 - Why California's Waiting Period to Purchase a Firearm Will Be Upheld

2/3/2016 - Florida House of Representatives Passes Handgun Open Carry Bill

1/27/2016 - The NRA Thinks Not Getting Caught In A Lie Is The Same Thing As Telling The Truth

12/11/2015 - Why Were the San Bernardino Shooting Victims Unarmed?

11/20/2015 - Attorney Alan Gura May Have Fumbled Another Second Amendment Case

11/20/2015 - HELP WANTED: Competent Second Amendment Lawyer - Inquire Within

11/9/2015 - The Supreme Court may have Finally Found its Next Second Amendment Case

9/2/2015 - Full Derp Battle over Concealed Carry in District of Columbia

9/1/2015 - National Rifle Association Drops Lawsuit against San Francisco

8/31/2015 - The Future of the Second Amendment in California and Hawaii

8/25/2015 - Yes, America, the Second Amendment is a Universal Right!

8/14/2015 - Will this be the Supreme Court’s Next Second Amendment Case?

7/3/2015 - The Future of Open Carry in California Looks Bright

6/16/2015 - State of California Concedes Second Amendment Extends Outside the Home

6/8/2015 - The Second Amendment is Now in the Hands of these Eleven Judges

6/8/2015 - Supreme Court Won’t Hear Second Amendment Cases Until there is a Circuit Split

5/29/2015 - NRA Opposes Open Carry – NRA Now Takes Credit for New Texas Handgun Open Carry Law

5/26/2015 - Four Years Ago Today: Is Open Carry The Right Guaranteed By The Second Amendment

5/18/2015 - Why the Second Amendment Keeps Losing in Court

5/2/2015 - Black Panther Party Invades California Capitol – 48 Years Ago Today

5/1/2015 - The NRA Rearranges Deck Chairs on the Titanic

4/22/2015 - Chief Judge of 9th Circuit Court of Appeals Grants Motion of Lone Voice Defending the Second Amendment Open Carry Right

4/11/2015 - An Open Letter to the Orange County Register's Editorial on Concealed Carry

4/03/2015 - Another Shoe Drops on the California Concealed Carry Lawsuits

2/27/2015 - Federal Judge Says No Second Amendment Right To Own Firearms

12/6/2014 - The First Shoe Drops On California Concealed Carry Lawsuits

11/30/2014 - Open Carry Gunfight At The California Corral: Start Of Year Four

11/30/2014 - California Open Carry Gunfight Begins Its Fourth Year

11/12/2014 - California Concealed Carry Permits - The Fat Lady Still Hasn’t Sung in Peruta v. San Diego

10/17/2014 - It may be Legal to Carry a Handgun in the Nation’s Capitol by Christmas

10/3/2014 - Another California Concealed Carry Lawsuit Loses before a Federal Judge

8/18/2014 - District of Columbia asks Court for More Time to Enact New Handgun Carry Ban

8/13/2014 - California Concealed Carry Case Peruta v. San Diego – Poised to Move or Stuck in the Mud?

7/30/2014 - Federal Judge Reluctantly Stays his Ruling in DC Handgun Ban

7/28/2014 - The DC Handgun Carry Decision – Throwing Victory into the Jaws of Defeat

7/26/2014 - Ban on Carrying Firearms in Public is Unconstitutional says DC Judge

7/21/2014 - The non-repeal of D.C., Gun-Control

7/2/2014 - US Supreme Court Still Silent On Second Amendment

6/28/2014 - Federal Judge Says Minorities Barred From Bringing Civil Rights Lawsuits

6/7/2014 - The NRA Supports Open Carry Except When The NRA Opposes Open Carry

6/2/2014 - NRA Lawyer Says California Concealed Carry Decision Likely To Be Overturned

6/1/2014 - NRA leadership Comes Out Of The Closet In Its Opposition To Open Carry

Please donate $10, $25, $50 or $100 to the legal fund to restore your right to openly carry a loaded firearm in California.

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Please donate $10, $25, $50 or $100 to the fight to restore your right to openly carry a loaded firearm in California.

Click here to donate.

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9th Circuit en banc pool

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9th Circuit Court of Appeals

Seven active judges were appointed by Obama.  I think it is fair to say that none of them is going to vote for the Full Court petitions.  One of the Obama appointees was on the en banc panel and sided with the six other judges in the majority.  I don’t think the judges in the en banc Peruta majority are going to vote for the Full Court petitions.  Pregerson and Silverman taking senior status makes them ineligible to vote for the petitions.  Granting the petitions will require a minimum of 14 active judges voting to grant the petitions.  Take a look at the table below and see if you can find 14 active judges who will vote to grant the Full Court petitions.  I can’t.




I wrote the following paragraph before the en banc decision.

We now know who the eleven judges are who will sit on the Peruta v. San Diego/Richards v. Prieto en banc panel.  There never were six judges to vote in favor of Peruta/Richards.  I’ve written this article predicting which way each judge will vote and why.  My assumptions are very conservative (“conservative” with a small ‘c’).  For example, I assumed that the two judges who voted the way they did in Peruta (Chief Judge Thomas against and Judge Callahan for) will not change their minds.  Likewise, the two judges who voted to adopt the two-step historical inquiry framework won’t change their mind.  The lone Obama appointee certainly isn’t going to vote for Peruta/Richards.

I wrote the following paragraph after the en banc decision.

Now that we have the decision it was a very odd alignment.  All seven judges in the majority were Democrats and their decision was an Originalist decision the late Justice Scalia would have been proud of whereas three of the four judges dissenting were Republican appointees who, if they had had their way, would have written a majority opinion which would have made Justice Scalia turn over in his grave.

There are currently four vacancies on the court which has been allocated 29 active judges leaving 25 active judges who are eligible to vote on en banc petitions.




Update December 15, 2016 by Charles Nichols – President of California Right To Carry –  In addition to the four vacancies President Trump will be able to fill with pro-gun judges starting on Inauguration Day, there is a good opportunity for him to fill additional vacancies during his time in office.  It is often said that the 9th circuit court of appeals is the most liberal court.  This may be true but it is certain that all but five of the current active judges on the court will be 65 or over before the midterm elections.

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
74 Chief Judge Sidney Runyan Thomas Billings, MT 1953 1996–present 2014–present Clinton
57 Circuit Judge Stephen Reinhardt Los Angeles, CA 1931 1980–present Carter
62 Circuit Judge Alex Kozinski Pasadena, CA 1950 1985–present 2007–2014 Reagan
76 Circuit Judge Susan P. Graber Portland, OR 1949 1998–present Clinton
77 Circuit Judge M. Margaret McKeown San Diego, CA 1951 1998–present Clinton
78 Circuit Judge Kim McLane Wardlaw Pasadena, CA 1954 1998–present Clinton
79 Circuit Judge William A. Fletcher San Francisco, CA 1945 1998–present Clinton
81 Circuit Judge Ronald M. Gould Seattle, WA 1946 1999–present Clinton
82 Circuit Judge Richard A. Paez Pasadena, CA 1947 2000–present Clinton
83 Circuit Judge Marsha S. Berzon San Francisco, CA 1945 2000–present Clinton
84 Circuit Judge Richard C. Tallman Seattle, WA 1953 2000–present Clinton
85 Circuit Judge Johnnie B. Rawlinson Las Vegas, NV 1952 2000–present Clinton
87 Circuit Judge Jay Bybee Las Vegas, NV 1953 2003–present G.W. Bush
88 Circuit Judge Consuelo Maria Callahan Sacramento, CA 1950 2003–present G.W. Bush
89 Circuit Judge Carlos T. Bea San Francisco, CA 1934 2003–present G.W. Bush
90 Circuit Judge Milan D. Smith, Jr. El Segundo, CA 1942 2006–present G.W. Bush
91 Circuit Judge Sandra Segal Ikuta Pasadena, CA 1954 2006–present G.W. Bush
92 Circuit Judge N. Randy Smith Pocatello, ID 1949 2007–present G.W. Bush
93 Circuit Judge Mary H. Murguia Phoenix, AZ 1960 2011–present Obama
94 Circuit Judge Morgan Christen Anchorage, AK 1961 2012–present Obama
95 Circuit Judge Jacqueline Nguyen Pasadena, CA 1965 2012–present Obama
96 Circuit Judge Paul J. Watford Pasadena, CA 1967 2012–present Obama
97 Circuit Judge Andrew D. Hurwitz Phoenix, AZ 1947 2012–present Obama
98 Circuit Judge John B. Owens San Diego, CA 1971 2014–present Obama
99 Circuit Judge Michelle T. Friedland San Francisco, CA 1972 2014–present Obama

Judicial Vacancies on the Federal Courts

Update November 8, 2016 by Charles Nichols – President of California Right To Carry –  I forgot to mention that Judge O’Scannlain is taking senior status effective December 31, 2016, which means after the end of the year he is no longer allowed to vote on whether or not to grant an en banc petition.

Update June 29, 2016 by Charles Nichols – President of California Right To Carry –  I have updated the list of Circuit Court judges in the table below who were active judges, and thus eligible to vote on the last en banc petitions.  Three of them have taken senior status and are thus ineligible to vote on the current en banc petitions by Peruta and Richards.  Those who are no longer active have a line drawn through their names.  Also, in the far right column of the table I have indicated in black bold those judges who voted in the en banc majority and I have indicated in pretty pink those judges who would ban Open Carry either in the en banc Peruta minority or in the vacated, sharply divided three judge panel decision in Peruta/Richards.

Update June 26, 2016 –  Circuit Judge Pregerson took senior status late last year as did Silverman and Clifton.  This means there are now 26 active judges out of the 29 allotted to the court.

Seat Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
19 Harry Pregerson Senior Status December 11, 2015 Lucy H. Koh[17] February 25, 2016
13 Barry Silverman Senior Status October 11, 2016
24 Richard R. Clifton Senior Status December 31, 2016[18]

Update February 2, 2016 –  Circuit Judge Richard R. Clifton will take senior status as of 12/31/2016.  Here is the announcement.  This will create a vacancy on this court of appeals to be filled by nomination by the next President and confirmation by the next Senate.

Update August 4, 2014 –  Judge Sidney Thomas, a Clinton appointee, will become the Chief Judge for the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals when Judge Kozinski’s term expires on December 1, 2014.  Judge Thomas was the dissenting vote in Peruta v. San Diego.  The Chief Judge presides over all en banc hearings which means we have not only lost a pro Second Amendment vote in Judge Kozinski but we can count on his replacement, Judge Thomas, as being a vote against the Second Amendment.  Judge Kozinski will remain a circuit court judge.  He is not retiring when he steps down.

Update April 29, 2014 –  The Senate confirmed President Obama’s nomination of San Francisco attorney Michelle Friedland to the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals on a near party-line vote Monday, giving the nation’s largest appellate court its full allotment of 29 judges for the first time.  The vote was 51-40, the bare majority needed.  Read more here.

9th Circuit Court of Appeals Active Judges and Second Amendment decisions they’ve heard.

 Only Active Judges can sit on en banc panels.

There are only six of the 27 potential en banc judges who have never had a Second Amendment case come before them.  Five were recently appointed by Obama and so if they wind up being chosen for an en banc panel, you know what side they are on.

The rest have a Second Amendment record to go on.  Individual decisions can be accessed on line for free by clicking here and copy and pasting the full citation of the decision into the search box.

Chief Judge Kozinski will be on any en banc panels convened before his term expires at the end of this year (12-1-2014).  Of the 27 Active Judges listed below, ten will be randomly chosen to sit on any en banc panel until they resign or become Senior Status.

Having read all of these cases in which the Active judges were involved, I am skeptical that either Peruta or Richards will survive an en banc appeal.

There are other things which could happen.  The Court of Appeals could certify a question either to the California Supreme Court or to the United States Supreme Court.

Name Initials Status Chambers Appt. Date Appointed By
Alex Kozinski AK Chief Judge Pasadena 11/07/85 Reagan Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010
Andrew D. Hurwitz ADH Circuit Judge Phoenix 06/27/12 Obama
Barry G. Silverman BGS Senior Status Phoenix 02/04/98 Clinton US v. Schrag, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013 US v. Parker, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Peruta en banc minority
Carlos T. Bea CTB Circuit Judge San Francisco 10/01/03 Bush US v. Chovan, 735 F. 3d 1127 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013 Montana Shooting Sports Ass’n v. Holder, 727 F. 3d 975 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013 US v. Dugan, 657 F. 3d 998 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2011 Peruta en banc minority
Consuelo M. Callahan CMC Circuit Judge Sacramento 05/28/03 Bush US v. Schrag, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013 Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Peruta en banc minority
Diarmuid F. O’Scannlain DFO Senior Status as of 12/31/2016 Portland 09/26/86 Reagan Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. Dugan, 657 F. 3d 998 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2011 Nordyke v. King, 644 F. 3d 776 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2011 Nordyke v. King, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2009 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Nordyke v. King, 563 F. 3d 439 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2009 Peruta vacated majority
Harry Pregerson HP Senior Status Woodland Hills 11/02/79 Carter US v. Chovan, 735 F. 3d 1127 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013 Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Peruta en banc majority
Jacqueline H. Nguyen JHN Circuit Judge Pasadena 05/14/12 Obama
Jay S. Bybee JSB Circuit Judge Las Vegas 03/21/03 Bush Baker v. Holder, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012
John B. Owens JBO Circuit Judge San Diego 04/02/14 Obama Peruta en banc majority
Johnnie B. Rawlinson JBR Circuit Judge Las Vegas 07/26/00 Clinton FYOCK v. City of Sunnyvale, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2015
Kim McLane Wardlaw KMW Circuit Judge Pasadena 08/03/98 Clinton PETRAMALA v. United States Department of Justice, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Baker v. Holder, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. Duckett, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010
M. Margaret McKeown MMM Circuit Judge San Diego 04/08/98 Clinton US v. Hatfield, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Peruta en banc majority & Concurrence
Marsha S. Berzon MSB Circuit Judge San Francisco 03/16/00 Clinton Mehl v. Blanas, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013
Mary H. Murguia MHM Circuit Judge Phoenix 01/04/11 Obama
Milan D. Smith, Jr. MDS Circuit Judge El Segundo 05/18/06 Bush Jackson v. CITY & CNTY. OF SAN FRANCISCO, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2014 US v. Small, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. Henry, 688 F. 3d 637 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. Potter, 630 F. 3d 1260 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2011 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 US v. Vongxay, 594 F. 3d 1111 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010
Morgan Christen MBC Circuit Judge Anchorage 01/11/12 Obama US v. Small, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012  US v. Phillips, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2016
N. Randy Smith NRS Circuit Judge Pocatello 03/19/07 Bush PETRAMALA v. United States Department of Justice, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Peruta en banc minority
Paul J. Watford PJW Circuit Judge Pasadena 05/22/12 Obama
Richard A. Paez RAP Circuit Judge Pasadena 03/14/00 Clinton US v. Morsette, 622 F. 3d 1200 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 US v. Hatfield, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Peruta en banc majority
Richard C. Tallman RCT Circuit Judge Seattle 05/25/00 Clinton Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010

Wilson v. Lynch, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2016

Based on the oral arguments in S. Wilson v. Loretta E. Lynch 14-15700 it is pretty clear that Judge Tallman could not care less about the Second Amendment.
Richard R. Clifton RRC Senior Status Honolulu 07/30/02 Bush Montana Shooting Sports Ass’n v. Holder, 727 F. 3d 975 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013 PETRAMALA v. United States Department of Justice, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012
Ronald M. Gould RMG Circuit Judge Seattle 11/22/99 Clinton Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 Nordyke v. King, 644 F. 3d 776 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2011 Nordyke v. King, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2009 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Nordyke v. King, 563 F. 3d 439 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2009
Sandra S. Ikuta SSI Circuit Judge Pasadena 06/23/06 Bush Jackson v. CITY & CNTY. OF SAN FRANCISCO, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2014 Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. Duckett, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010
Sidney R. Thomas SRT Circuit Judge Billings 01/04/96 Clinton US v. Parker, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Peruta en banc majority & Concurrence
Stephen Reinhardt SR Circuit Judge Los Angeles 09/11/80 Carter Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. Morsette, 622 F. 3d 1200 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Silveira v. Lockyer, 312 F. 3d 1052 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2002
Susan P. Graber SPG Circuit Judge Portland 03/19/98 Clinton Nordyke v. King, 681 F. 3d 1041 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. Dugan, 657 F. 3d 998 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2011 US v. Potter, 630 F. 3d 1260 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2011 US v. Morsette, 622 F. 3d 1200 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010 Nordyke v. King, 611 F. 3d 1015 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2010

Wilson v. Lynch, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2016

Peruta en banc majority & Concurrence
William A. Fletcher WAF Circuit Judge San Francisco 10/09/98 Clinton US v. Schrag, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2013 US v. Henry, 688 F. 3d 637 – Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2012 US v. McCartney, Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit 2009 Peruta en banc majority
Michelle T. Friedland Circuit Judge San Francisco 4/29/14 Obama

Only Active Judges sit on en banc panels.

The Judges of this Court in Order of Seniority

Updated April 2014
Name Initials Status Chambers Appt. Date Appointed By
1. Alex Kozinski AK Chief Judge Pasadena 11/07/85 Reagan
2. Alfred T. Goodwin ATG Senior Circuit Judge Pasadena 11/30/71 Nixon
3. J. Clifford Wallace JCW Senior Circuit Judge San Diego 06/28/72 Nixon
4. Procter Hug, Jr. PRH Senior Circuit Judge Reno 09/15/77 Carter
5. Mary M. Schroeder MMS Senior Circuit Judge Phoenix 09/26/79 Carter
6. Jerome Farris JF Senior Circuit Judge Seattle 09/27/79 Carter
7. Harry Pregerson HP Circuit Judge Woodland Hills 11/02/79 Carter
8. Arthur L. Alarcon ALA Senior Circuit Judge Los Angeles 11/02/79 Carter
9. Dorothy W. Nelson DWN Senior Circuit Judge Pasadena 12/20/79 Carter
10. William C. Canby, Jr. WCC Senior Circuit Judge Phoenix 05/23/80 Carter
11. Stephen Reinhardt SR Circuit Judge Los Angeles 09/11/80 Carter
Name Initials Status Chambers Appt. Date Appointed By
12. John T. Noonan, Jr. JTN Senior Circuit Judge San Francisco 12/17/85 Reagan
13. Diarmuid F. O’Scannlain DFO Circuit Judge Portland 09/26/86 Reagan
14. Edward Leavy EL Senior Circuit Judge Portland 03/23/87 Reagan
15. Stephen S. Trott SST Senior Circuit Judge Boise 03/25/88 Reagan
16. Ferdinand F. Fernandez FFF Senior Circuit Judge Pasadena 05/22/89 Bush
17. Andrew J. Kleinfeld AJK Senior Circuit Judge Fairbanks 09/16/91 Bush
18. Michael Daly Hawkins MDH Senior Circuit Judge Phoenix 09/15/94 Clinton
19. A. Wallace Tashima AWT Senior Circuit Judge Pasadena 01/04/96 Clinton
20. Sidney R. Thomas SRT Circuit Judge Billings 01/04/96 Clinton
21. Barry G. Silverman BGS Circuit Judge Phoenix 02/04/98 Clinton
22. Susan P. Graber SPG Circuit Judge Portland 03/19/98 Clinton
Name Initials Status Chambers Appt. Date Appointed By
23. M. Margaret McKeown MMM Circuit Judge San Diego 04/08/98 Clinton
24. Kim McLane Wardlaw KMW Circuit Judge Pasadena 08/03/98 Clinton
25. William A. Fletcher WAF Circuit Judge San Francisco 10/09/98 Clinton
26. Raymond C. Fisher RCF Senior Circuit Judge Pasadena 10/12/99 Clinton
27. Ronald M. Gould RMG Circuit Judge Seattle 11/22/99 Clinton
28. Richard A. Paez RAP Circuit Judge Pasadena 03/14/00 Clinton
29. Marsha S. Berzon MSB Circuit Judge San Francisco 03/16/00 Clinton
30. Richard C. Tallman RCT Circuit Judge Seattle 05/25/00 Clinton
31. Johnnie B. Rawlinson JBR Circuit Judge Las Vegas 07/26/00 Clinton
32. Richard R. Clifton RRC Circuit Judge Honolulu 07/30/02 Bush
33. Jay S. Bybee JSB Circuit Judge Las Vegas 03/21/03 Bush
34. Consuelo M. Callahan CMC Circuit Judge Sacramento 05/28/03 Bush
35. Carlos T. Bea CTB Circuit Judge San Francisco 10/01/03 Bush
36. Milan D. Smith, Jr. MDS Circuit Judge El Segundo 05/18/06 Bush
37. Sandra S. Ikuta SSI Circuit Judge Pasadena 06/23/06 Bush
38. N. Randy Smith NRS Circuit Judge Pocatello 03/19/07 Bush
39. Mary H. Murguia MHM Circuit Judge Phoenix 01/04/11 Obama
40. Morgan Christen MBC Circuit Judge Anchorage 01/11/12 Obama
41. Jacqueline H. Nguyen JHN Circuit Judge Pasadena 05/14/12 Obama
42. Paul J. Watford PJW Circuit Judge Pasadena 05/22/12 Obama
43. Andrew D. Hurwitz ADH Circuit Judge Phoenix 06/27/12 Obama
44. John B. Owens JBO Circuit Judge San Diego 04/02/14 Obama
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